How to draw regular graphics design shapes with CorelDraw x4

draw regular graphics design shapes

In the previous lesson, we learnt how to Shape Graphics Design Objects using the Combine, Trim, Intersect and Welding. Here, we are going to look at how you can create regular graphics design shapes like circle, rectangle, square, spirals and graph paper.

Shapes like circles, rectangles, polygons, curves and lines forms the basis of every CorelDraw Graphics design. These shapes generally known as objects has various properties, which includes; size, form, fill and outline.

 Drawing regular graphics design shapes – Rectangles and Squares;

To draw a rectangle

Click the Rectangle tool.

Position the cursor where you want the rectangle to appear

Click and drag diagonally to draw a rectangle (hold down ctrl while dragging to draw a square)

 

Rounding the Corners of a rectangle

You can use the shape tool to round all the corners of a rectangle (or square) at the same time. A rectangle has a node at each corner. When you round the corners of a rectangle CorelDraw splits each corner node in two and draws an arc between each of these two new nodes.

 

To round the corners of a rectangle or a square

Select the rectangle or the square with the Shape tool

Drag one of the corners nodes along the outline of the rectangle or square

As you drag, the four corner nodes each divide into two nodes with a round corner forming in between as you continue to drag, the corners become increasingly round. You can round some corners and leave the others un-rounded by, specifying the size in the rectangle corners columns on the property bar.

 

Drawing regular graphics design shapes – Eclipse and Circles;

The Eclipse tool lets you draw eclipses and circles

 

To draw an eclipse

Click the Eclipse tool,

Position the cursor where you want the eclipse to appear

Click and drag diagonally to draw an Eclipse (hold down ctrl while dragging to draw a circle)

 

Changing an Eclipse to an Arc or Pie Shape

You can use the Shape tool to turn an eclipse or a circle into an arc of a pie shape. A simple eclipse has one node, but when you create an arc or pier shape, CorelDraw splits this node into two.

 

To change a circle or an eclipse into an arc or pie shape

Select the eclipse or circle with the Shape tool.

Drag the node on the outline of the eclipse. To create an arc, keep the cursor outside the perimeter of the eclipse while dragging. To create a pie shape, keep the cursor inside the perimeter of the eclipse while dragging.

 

To change the direction in which arcs or pie shapes are drawn

Select the arc or pie shape with the Shape tool.

Click the Clockwise/Counter clockwise Arcs or Pies button on the Property Bar.

 

Drawing regular graphics design shapes – Polygons and Stars;

The Polygon tool lets you draw polygons and stars.

 

To draw a polygon

Open the Object flyout, Click the Polygon tool.

Position the cursor where you want the polygon to appear

Click and drag diagonally to draw the polygon

If you want to change the number of sides on the polygon, type the appropriate number in the Number of Points on Polygon box in the Property Bar, press ENTER.

To change the polygon to a star, click the Polygon/Star button on the Property Bar.

 

To draw a Star

Open the Object flyout, and click the Polygon tool.

Enter the number of side not lesser than 5

Click the Polygon/Star button on the Property Bar.

Position the cursor where you want the star to appear.

Drag diagonally to draw the  star.

If you want to change the number of points on the star, type the appropriate number in the Number of points on polygon box in the property bar and press ENTER.

 

Drawing regular graphics design shapes  – Spirals

The Spiral tool lets you draw spiral shapes. There are two types of spirals: Symmetrical spirals and Logarithmic spirals. In a symmetrical spiral, the distance between each revolution in the spiral is constant, while in the logarithmic spiral, the distance increases as the spiral progresses onward.
To draw a symmetrical spiral

Open the Object flyout, and click the Spiral tool

Type a number in the Spiral Revolutions box on the Property Bar to indicate the number of revolutions you want for the spiral.

Click the Symmetrical Spiral button on the Property Bar, to enable the symmetrical spiral type

Position the cursor where you want the spiral to appear.

Click and drag diagonally to draw the spiral.

 

To draw a Logarithmic Spiral

Open the Object flyout, and click the Spiral tool

Type a number in the Spiral Revolutions box on the Property Bar to indicate the number of revolutions you want for the spiral.

Click the Logarithmic Spiral button on the Property Bar, to enable the Logarithmic Spiral Type

Move the Spiral Expansion Factor slider to the right to increase the amount by which the spiral expands as it progresses outward. Move the slider to the left to decrease this amount.

Position the cursor where you want the spiral to appear.

Click and drag diagonally to draw the spiral.

 

Drawing regular graphics design shapes  – Graph Paper

The Graph Paper tool lets you draw a grid pattern, this pattern is formed by a series of grouped rectangles arranged in rows and columns.

To draw graph paper

Open the Object flyout, and click the Graph Paper tool.

In the Graph Paper Columns and Rows box on the Property Bar, type the number of columns you want, press TAB, then type the number of rows you want and press ENTER or click on the workspace.

The default setting is four columns and three rows. The settings you select remain until you change them.

Drag diagonally to draw the graph paper. (Hold down ctrl while dragging to draw a square graph, ensure you release the mouse button first).

 

Drawing regular graphics design shapes  – Lines and Curves

The Freehand tool lets you draw lines and curves by dragging the mouse like a pencil on paper

To draw a curve with the Freehand tool

Open the Curve- flyout, and click the Freehand tool

Position the cursor where you want the curve to start

Drag along the desired path, as you would with a pencil on a piece of paper

Release the mouse button to finish drawing the curve.

 

To draw a straight line with the Freehand tool

Open the Curve flyout, and click the Freehand tool.

Click where you want the line to begin.

Hold down Ctrl, move the mouse to where you want the line to end and click

Drawing Lines and Curves with the Bezier Tool

The Bezier tool lets you draw lines and curves by placing each node with the mouse. As you place each node, it is connected to the previously placed node by a line or curve.

 

To draw a curve with the Bezier tool

Open the Curve flyout, and click the Bezier tool.

Drag from the point at which you want to place the first node

Drag from the point at which you want to place the next node, a segment appears between the two node you’ve created.

Repeat till you get your desired shape.

The Shape tool lets you change the shape of a curve objects by editing its nodes and segments. You can also access many node-editing features with the Pick tool without having to select the Shape tool. Curve objects are made up of lines, or shape that you create with the Freehand tool, the Bezier tool, the Natural Pen tool, or the Spiral tool. Also, any rectangle, eclipse, polygon, or text object can be converted to curve.

 

Editing regular graphics design shapes 

Adding/Removing Nodes

Adding nodes to a curve object is necessary if the existing nodes are not giving you the results you want.

 

To add a single node to a curve object using the Shape tool

Click the Shape tool.

Double click the curve at the point you want to add the node

Removing nodes from an object reduces redraw and printing time and can also make the object appear smoother.

 

To remove a single node from a curve object using the Shape tool

Click the Shape tool

Double-click the node you want to remove

Or Select the Node and press delete

 

Joining Nodes

You can close an open path by joining its two ends nodes. You can also join end nodes on separate paths if the paths are all sub paths of the same object; but, you can’t join nodes of two separate objects.

 

To join node using the shape tool

Select the nodes you want to join with the shape tool

Click the join Two Nodes button on the Property Bar.

 

To join two nodes with a line

Using the Shape tool, select the nodes you want to join

Click the Extend Curve to close the button on the Property Bar.

 

Breaking Path

You can turn a closed object into an open one by breaking its path at any point. You can also break an open path into one or more sub paths or into separate objects.

To break a path apart

Select the curve object with the Shape tool

Using the Shape tool, click where you want to break the path

Select multiple nodes to break the path at several different places

Click the Break Curve button on the Property Bar.

 

Moving Nodes and Segments

You can change the shape of a curve object by moving & editing it nodes and segments.

To move nodes/segments

Select the nodes/segments you want to move with the shape tool and drag them in the direction you want them.

 

To Edit Node

Select the node with the Shape tool,

Click on the To curve button on the property bar, to enable you curve the selected segment. And thereafter move the curve handles that appears to curve the segment.

Click on the To line button on the property bar to enable you make the segment a straight line. Keep adding/removing nodes, until the desired result is achieved.

 

Erasing Portion of regular graphics design shape

The Eraser tool allows you to remove portion of an object that you drag it over and closes any affected path.

To Erase portion of an object

Open the Shape tool flyout,

Select  the Eraser tool,

Select the object you want to erase,

Drag the eraser over the object.

You can reduce or increase your eraser, by clicking on the eraser thickness button on the property bar, and as well change the shape on the Circle/Square button also on the property bar.

Splitting an Object with the Knife Tool

The knife tool allows you to spilt an object into two and much more. It also lets you completely reshape an object by redrawing its path, or create sub paths in an object.

To split an object along a straight line using the Knife tool

Open the Shape tool flyout,

Click the Knife tool.

Position the knife cursor where you want to start cutting.

The cursor will snap upright when it is ready to cut.

Click once

Move the cursor to where you want to stop cutting.

Click once.

Hold down Ctrl when moving the cursor to split along straight line

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SealEdge Graphics Editorial Team is made up of young entrepreneurs with a passion for;  Graphic Designs, Web Designs, Desktop Publishing and General InfoTech. The Team is lead by Omoh Nelson